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北宋龍泉窯塔型五管瓶

筆者藏有一件北宋龍泉窯五管瓶,高22釐米,上口直徑6.5釐米,底直徑為9釐米,造型為塔型,腹部分七層,四、五層刻飾平行幾何紋,六層刻飾蓮瓣紋,荷葉內襯托有梳蓖紋,蓮瓣紋為覆蓮式,紋飾精練小巧;七層刻飾仰式蓮瓣紋,荷葉中刻有梳蓖紋,紋飾隨意灑脫,組圖簡潔疏朗,具有象形的水波動感,釉色青中泛黃,釉薄而透明,是北宋中期的典型佳作。

        龍泉窯是中國歷史上的一個名窯,因其主要產區在龍泉市而得名,開創於三國兩晉,結束於清代,生產瓷器的歷史長達1600多年,是中國制瓷歷史上最長的一個瓷窯系,它的產品暢銷於亞洲、非洲、歐洲的許多國家和地區,影響十分深遠。

        龍泉窯瓷器器型十分豐富,包括生活用器:碗、盤、盆、碟、盞、壺、罐、缽、渣鬥等;文具:盂、筆筒、筆架、硯、棋子等;仿銅禮器(即陳設器):鬲、觚、觶、瓶、壺等;供器:香薰、香爐、燭臺、佛像、八仙等。

        多管瓶由唐、五代十國時的多角瓶演變而來,是宋代龍泉、慶元一帶喪葬時用的冥器,在宋墓中常有出土。黏接在肩部的管,有五管、六管、七管或十管的,其中以五管為主,十管的很少見。由於多管瓶造型新穎獨特,又是立體件,釉色淡雅滋潤,溫潤似玉,所以很受收藏愛好者喜歡,因而它的收藏價值和文物價值潛力是很大的。

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